Before coming to the Kabaddi rules and how to play the game, let’s find out the origin and popularity of the game. Kabaddi first originated in India; since then, it has been a popular contact sport. Mostly the game is played in Southern Asia. The game is popular in different states of India, such as Maharastra, Telangana, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, and Punjab.
Excluding India, there are countries like Iran, Bangladesh, and Pakistan where Kabaddi is a famous sport. And for your information, the game the of the game is Kabaddi, not kabadi. The sport is also played in the UK, where the Indian and Pakistani communities live, and there is England Kabaddi Federation UK that governs that.
Kabaddi: International Stage
Though the game was invented in India, Nepal teaches this sport at the state level. Bangladesh announced Kabaddi as their national game. You can see the huge popularity of this game in Iran also. There are other names of the sport outside India. As the Maldives call it Baibalaa, Bangladeshis call the game Hadudu.
There are also regional variations of the game, such as Amar, Punjabi, Gaminee, and Sanjeevani. Although there are a few differences between the games, the basic Kabaddi rules are the same. The International Kabaddi Federation governs on the international stage, and more than 30 countries are involved with the federation. Many people think that Kabaddi is the national game of India, but NO, India has no official national game.
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How To Play Kabaddi?
The basics of Kabaddi are simple. There are two teams consisting of seven players each. The game is divided into two halves, and each half runs for twenty minutes. After that, the teams face off in an arena where they compete to win. The Kabaddi rules are easy to understand, unlike Lacrosse rules.
One member from each team goes to another side of the center line and tries to tag the opponent’s team member/members without getting caught. The opposition’s goal is to catch the raider and prevent them from getting back their own side of the arena. Each tag and catch gives one point, and there are bonuses as well. The team with the most points at the end of two halves is the winner.
The arena where the sport is played is rectangular in size. For men, the arena size is 13m*13m, and for women, the arena is 12m*8m. The official size of the men’s Kabaddi is 13 meters or 42.7 feet wide and 10 meters or 32.8 feet long. And for women, the court is 12 meters or 39.4 feet wide and 8 meters or 26.2 feet long.
Though the arena or court is wide enough, there are certain markings and lines. Here, we will discuss the men’s Kabaddi arena. This is the basics of Kabaddi rules.
- Boundary Lines: The full 13m*10m area is marked by the boundary line.
- Play Arena Lines: One meter from each side is separated, and the play area is 13m*8m.
- Mid Line: The space is divided into two sides, and each side is 6.5 meters long.
- Baulk Lines: the lines are on both sides and 3.75 meters from the mid line.
- Bonus Line: These lines are 1 meter from the baulk lines.
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For your better understanding, I will tell you from the Raiders’ and Defenders’ perspectives. The game starts with a team sending their raider, and the opponent is the defending team. The game continues with players getting out and in until a team is out of players. There are different kabaddi slap fight rules in several regions that two players will slap each other until they tap out.
The game consists of getting out and revival of players. If raiding is successful, then the tagged player or players will be tagged out. When the raider is caught, the raiding will be one less member. If a team is tagged out fully, the opponent will get two bonus points, and then they need to get back to the arena within 10 seconds, otherwise, the opponent team will be rewarded with one point.
To earn a point in the sport of Kabaddi, the Raider needs to do some simple things. First of all, they get a total of 30 seconds to raid or to take a point. In the 30 seconds, the raider needs to repeatedly yell “Kabaddi” until they return to their side. The raider can’t stop yelling to take a breath.
The other thing that the Raider must do is cross the Baulk line, otherwise, it will be a disallowed raid, and the raider will be sent off, and the defenders will be rewarded with one point. The Raider can earn point or points by tagging a player or players. Each tag is rewarded with one point.
If a raider touches the bonus line with one leg and the other leg is in the air, then the raiding team will be rewarded with one point. If a raider is unsuccessful in tagging a player, that is called an unproductive raid. Three consecutive unproductive raids will cost the third raiding player to get out of the play.
The defenders try to catch the raider and hold them until they breathe out. Or they try to get out the raider outside the court to each side of the court. If the defending team is able to catch the raider or stop them from getting back to their side, the defending team is awarded one point.
The defenders can not catch a raider by holding their hair, clothes, or any body parts, they are only allowed to catch the raider’s torso and limbs. The defenders can also dodge the raider and make them out of breath. If the defending team has three players left, then the defense will be called a super tackle and rewarded with one extra bonus point.
One of the most interesting rules of kabaddi is that when a player breaks a rule, is captured or tagged, then they will be sent out. And they have to wait until their team makes a successful raid or defense. Though these are the basic rules, there are some unique rules of Kabaddi. You can call this an over the line game.
#Players Sent Out
Here are the rules for sending out players. You should see the how the raider express after a successful raid.
- When a raider successfully tags the opponents.
- When a raider can not get back to their side.
- If a player goes outside of the boundary line.
- After three unproductive raids, the third raider will be sent out.
To Sum Up
If you want to know more about Kabaddi, you should definitely watch the pro kabaddi rules, in India, the game is quite famous. In this article, we have covered traditional Kabaddi rules that are famous internationally.
If you want to know more about any specific rule, feel free to ask in the comment section below. You can check the ping pong rules in our other article.